Aim: In this study, we aimed to determine the temperaments that identify lifelong attitudes and behavior in emergency and family physicians; to give information to the literature to stress management, physician patient relationships, prevention of physical or verbal violence.
Materials and Methods: This study is a prospective, descriptive study on emergency and family physicians working in more than one center in Ankara. Participants were identified as affective temperaments according to TEMPS-A (Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, San Diego Auto-questionnaire). Mann–Whitney U test was used for statistical differences between groups. Chi-square or Fisher's Exact test was used for the analysis of categorical data. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant.
Result: 203 physicians were applied to study. Eighty emergency physicians and 71 family physicians were included in the analysis. Sixty nine (45.6%) of the physicians included in the study were female. Eighty percent of the emergency physicians and 54.9% of family physicians did not have any affective temperament, this difference was statistically significant (p = 0.001). Among emergency physicians, 6.3% cyclothymic and 6.3% hyperthymic temperament were found. In the family physicians, the 14.1% depressive, 14.1% anxious, 8.5% cyclothymic and 8.5% hyperthymic temperament were found. Depressive temperament was higher in family physicians than emergency physicians (p = 0.02).
Conclusion: In this study, it was determined that emergency physicians had less affective temperament than family physicians. Family physicians have more depressive temperament than emergency physicians. According to our results, emergency physicians are predominantly cyclothymic and hyperthymic temperament, whereas family physicians are predisposed to depressive and anxious temperament.